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11lRiJ.1UJU 1nJ QVOLUME IV.KNOXVILLE, TEM., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 21, 18G7.She gUoxtnllc Wiia,ia rcuaD WtKILT, . .By. BB0WNL07 fc HAWS. 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At :THE KNOXVILLE WHIG.KnoxviUe, Tenn.f August 21, 1367.TENNESSEE.Tbc Election and Its Lesson.Misapprrhaitlc.tit and Errors Corrected Steadfasttins of Hat White Loyalists-- Wondrrful Action oftfis Colored Voters Proscription out IntcUranctof the Democracy An Instructive ParallelScenes, Jncidentt, JlesiUts.perlal Correspondence of the Cincinnati Giiette.Nashville, Teno., Auguet 6...Four days hav pawed since the election toolcplace in TenneMee. The result pretty deSnitelyknown. Tbe-ftorm of pasion enTokod during thecontt bos to a considerable extent cubeided; andwe maj .now, with a reaonabl degree of calm ns,od certainty of arriving at correct conclusion!, review the eloction itself, and endeavor to deduce iUnature, iU Wsoni and its political bearings.No rarty rvor fought a bRttle under 6uch discouragements as this whs fought by the Union men oflenneasco; no party ever gained a more completeand boneficient victory. It was not alone that thedevotee loyal if U of this State were obliged to contend against the bitterly hostile elements So theirmidst; not alne that the whole influence of theNational Administration w&a thrown into the scaleagainst them ; not alone that their foes held in handthe potent cards of society and property; not alone.. tht twere threatened with the vengeance offifty thouMiiid reterans of the rebel army, inflamedwith hatred of the National Government, and flerctrwrath against their loy. 1 neighbors; all these represented but a portion of the hostile influences withwhich they were called upon to contend.MISREPRESENTATION NORTH.It might naturally have been supposed that a party so ituatd as were the Union men of Tennessee,would have attracted to itself the warmest sympathies and moral support of every American whowas ioyal to his country's cause. Manifestirig fromits first formation a disposition to second true meneverywhere in their efforts to sweep away old abuses,and put the Government upon a new, a sounder anda better bapis; crucifying tbe life long prejudices ofa majority of its members by admitting the firicanrare to a full participation in civil rights ; rfyingaround its standard those thousands of brave Tenncssecans who left their homes and families to thetender mercies of rebel guerrillas, while they themselves followed through the smoke and thunder ofbattle their country's flag ; acceding promptly to thenational requirement and adopting the Constitutional Amendment, although its effect would beeither to bring the negro to the ballot-box or lessenthe political power of tbo State; inviting the colored man to tbe polls that Tennessee might be savedto loyalty and to the nation ; and last fpring planting itself fairly, squarely and unequivocally uponthe platform of the great Union hosts of the Northit might reasonably have been supposed that aparty wnicn bad done ail this, would tave at leastthe moral support of every friend of the KiTublicand that from every loyal household throusrbout thi, laud prajuia euuM m wut t r tnntvcu !'' ru eucrsj. Yet it is painfully and bumiliatingly true,that some of tbo cruelest stabs to which these loyalTennosseeans were subjected, came from the handsof those who had every apparent reason to be theirfriendit. It is true that bitter denunciations and reproaches were heaped upon their heads by some whopretend to guide public sentiment in the North. Itis true that the wrath of the ba filed traitor and thehitn of the venomous copperhead, as they saw themagnificent work in which this party was engaged,were re-enforcod in Ohio, in New York and in NewEngland, by the sneers of some who call themselvesUnion men. And it is true, pitiably true, that themost effuctive ammunition with which the deadlyenemies of human freedom fought against its friendsin Tcnneesoe, was supplied to them during tbe con-tet-tthat haa just passed by a portion of the Northern Republican press 1 In fact, there were newspapers calling themselves Republican, and quotedby tho rebel press of Tennessee as Republican,which seemed thoroughly in league with those whoonce dragged the SUte into rebellion, to drive itsloyal administration from power; turn every cornerof its broad domains into a t boa tor in which shouldbe enacted the deadly tragedy of rebel persecution ;and make of Tennessee, now a bright star in. thenational galaxy, what Kentucky is to-day.fOCRCES OF THIS OTTCSITION.That the Unionists of Tennessee should Lave hadthis most discouraging Northern opposition to fightagainst and overcome, seems really too preposterouslor belief. It was a singular phenomenon in ourpolitics ; and I predict that a dozen years hence itwill appear too nionttrous to be credible, and willonly be made evident by looking back over the columns of such journals as the New York Herald, 1t-'pringfleld (Mass.) Republican, New York Tribune( which has seen its error) and the New York Times.A portion of this most unnatural opposition to theUnion party of Tennessee may be accounted for byignorance of affairs in that State; but some of itwas deliberate and conscious misrepresentation, induced by secret hostility to tho loyal cause. Themalignant editorials of. the New York Time maybe taken as specimens of the latter ; the blundering of the Tribune as types of the former. Thearticles of the Republican w ere evidently the resultci a mulish obstinacy, which, having once gotwrcng, wan determined not to be set right ; whilethe Herald, not intending, perhaps, to misrepresent,but not caring much if it did, ws imposed upon byits correspondents.A MONSTROUS MISSTATEMENT.One of thee last (a gentleman for whom I haveprsoDully the highest esteem) sat down at his tableund wrote deliberately, but a few days before election, to be read in the Herald by tons of thousands,tbat the Etberidge party of Tenuessee was identicalwith the National Republican party of the' North !And this in face cf the fact, that every measure ofcivil and political reform advocated by the Ropublican party, has been, for the lat two years, met andfonght persistently, and inch by inch, by the Ethridge party in Tennessee; in face of the fact, thatevery leader of that party supported McClellan in'64, and is to-day in full communion with the Democracy ; in face of the fact that every organ of theEtberid'geitcs throughout the Slate teemed each daywith vile denunciations of tbe Union party North;in face of the fact that every loader of tho Elhoridgomen supports, and has supported, every measure ofAndy Johnson, and that every one of its conventionspasted resolutions in bis favjr; and in face of thefart that co Union candidate for the Tros'ieneycould to-day get a single vote from the entire Etheridge party. Union men of the North 1 you remember the course of Campbell, Leftwich. Taylorand Ed. Cooper in Congress. You remember thaton no single occasion did they vote with tbe Republicans, but always with the Confederate Democracy.One of tb four, Taylor, received bis reward fromAndy Johnson ia the shape of the Indian Commissionersbi p. Another, Campbell, has recently issued amanifesto declaring that the Democratic frt7 "not dead, but poMes more vitality than ever, andadvising .ts member, to ,Uud by thuir colors. Theother twt, Cooper and UftwiA, were Etherid;ecandidates for re-election. ,an L' ... .vchotea leader, of the Etherid v ? tilcorrespondent of the New York,'a ""Jthat t& same Etheridge party wtntLwends and aims, identical 'ththeNaUoBaiiXjcan party of the North. To fcccount for ao tt0Bstrous an awwtion, I am utterly at a loss, i fcmtowell acquainted with my friend's moral character bouppoae that he woald willfully misrepresent, andeven if this did not forbid, there is no conceivablemotive v by be should attempt to do so much uncalled for wrong to the gallant and strugglingUnionkts around him. I can only or-nclude. that bewas laboring umW the inlhsenco of some hideousfolitical cightmaro which, for tho time, preventedim from sing the truth.FAUSKHOOHS KEVIEWED.IVmit me noiv briefly ti notice a few of tbefalsehood ured figaint the Union party of Tennessee by Hrriorance, mifreprf-sertation and malice,and believJ, alas ! by som riht-minded and impartial members of the Union party Nrth.It was asserted that Gov. IL-ovrnlow was ambitious, dpol!c and tyrannical.-''In reference to his "ambition," it is only rcesjrfKrj to say that ho beca.no a candidate for re-electionto the Governorship against Lis own withes, ,- and with the utmost reluctance, und only after he jwas requested, and almost command-J., to do so,, by-t-.he. crsrjIrrK.rj yni rf the Urinn jwiplo (f thn j""Vs.to bis "despot'1"" te hM W 6,T9r? "casion kept strictly within tbe laws i me aiate,neter ence in the whole course of his career over.stopping the authority wmcn me constitution andthe legislative body placed in his hands. Not onlyso, but he has refrained from using that authorityin many cases, and has cot proceeded nearly so faras bv the laws of the State be might have done.There is a law upon tbe statute books, known as theSedition act, under which he might have suppressedevery rebel tewsphper ia Tennessee; but notwithstanding they teemed continually with incitementto riot and bloodshed ; notwithstanding they abounded with everything calculated to bring tbe StateGovernment into direspect and contempt; notwithstanding they poured upon the head of tho Governor himself su:h torrents of vituperation, slanderand abuse as n j man perhaps was ever beforo subjected to, sot one of them was ever made to feel the;weight of even the " despot's " little finger. As tohis "tyranny," all who know the Governor well understand that he is mild, good aatured, placable andforgiving to a fault; that not even the vilest traitorin Tennessee was ever personally insulted or repelled by him ; and that the charge of " tyranny "against him is so absurd, ridiculous and false, thateven tho honest rebels who knew him blush whenit is made in their presence. I venture to assertthat bo ruler under similar circumstances everpassed through a two years' administration withmore strict and punctilious obedience to the laws,or with more gentleness, kindness and forbearancetoward his opponents, than has this incorruptibleand pure minded patriot. The same men who calledthe noble Lincoln "despot" and "tyrant," applythese epithets to Erownlow now. How stranre thatsoma of these who defended Lincoln against thismonstrous slander, sbould repeat it now wnea ureedagaint him who has done for Tennessee what Lincoln did for the nation saved it from rebel andDemocratic misrule. Durinz the entire adminis- itration of Gov. Brownlow not one rebel or "con-iservative" has been unlawfully oppressed. Not onehas been deprived of liberty or property. Not onehas lost a civil right guaranteed to any citizen ofthe Unitod States. And Bownlow's "despotism."if closely sifted, resolves itself into a prudent andjudicious use of the pardoning power, in order toenieia irom unjust punishment some member of tbenational army, or some loyal citizen, who bad beenmade the object of disloyal persecution and hate.THE AUTHORS Of DISORDER.There were some disorders throughout the Stateat different times during the last two years, asd especially for a couple of months preceding the election, i nave careful v examined all oi these, and.ith a singlo exception. I find that ther were commenced without provocation bv Democratic malice,and that the Brownlow "despotism " has absolutelynever yet punished a single ruffian engaged in them.. ne exception 1 refer to was the affair of J acksboro,Campbell countv, where tho Union men refused toallow Mr. Etheridge to speak. This act no one justifies, and had any of the Slate Guards been present, they would, as they did or. a previous occasion,have interferred to protect Mr. Etheridge, and enable him to fneak. But while no one justifies thisaction, the following may be urged in excuse of tbeL-umpbell county people:A FEARFUL HISTOKT".With about 1,300 voters, this little mountaincounty sent nearly 1,200 soldiers into the Union army. While these were abfcent, fighting and suffering under their country's flag, tho rebel Gen. Hindman sent a detachment from Knoxville, under command of Vaughn, to lay waste the country. Find-ng or.iy women, ctmdren, and men over severity inCampbell, these bloody marauders proceeded withtheir work. The c ountry was ravaged from end toend. Two hundred bouses were burned, and thehelpless women and children driven into tho woodsto starve. At one house the rebls found tbe headof the family, an old and feeble man. Him theyshot on bis own threshold, then closed tho doorsupon the other members of tho family, set the houseon tire, and listened to tbe horrid shrieks of theirvictims as they were roasting in the flames 1 TheUnion soldiers returned to their desolate tomes, andto. such of their families as rebel bullets, fire andstarvation had spared, and standing round thoashes of their dwellings, and the unburied bones oftheir loved ones, they swore that no rebel speechshould ever henceforth bo made in their county.And I presume that, except at the point of the bayonet, there never will. It was in pursuance of thisview that Mr. Etheridge was not permitted to speakat Jacksboro.UNION MEETINGS ASD DEMOCRATIC MOBS.Against this ona case of Union violence, therecould be cited a hundred of Democratic outr u' ot".j t -ra ! Vint X aaay cite SSan illustration of the manner In which the Brownlow "despotism" crushed out "Conservative" liberties, that at the Capital of the State itself, underthe very eye of the State Government, the Unionpeople did not dare, during the entire campaign, toLola their meetings in the open air for fear of "conservative violence, and the only two which theydid attempt so to hold were broken up by Democratic mobs I Not one man engaged in those outrages was cither arretted or punishod. The truthis, tbe Union people of Tennessee, with tho wholomachinery of the Stato Government in their hands,stepped almost to the verge of humiliation in thoirefforts not to excite or resiut the lawless and murderous propensities of their rebel enemies. O, yeUnion men of the North, imposed upon by Democratic falsehood and abuse, you will yet blush forshame that you ever permitted yourselves, in concert with the enemies of tho country, to whine about" Brownlow's depotism," and help to make morebitter the cup which the rebel Democracy were continually holding to tho lips of your strugglingbrethren in Tennesse j !THE LOTAL MILITIA.A series of falsehoods was circulated concerningtho doings of the loyal militia, which some fewUnion people North were induced to believe. Itwas said that they composed a great standing army,eight thousand strong, to oppress and overawe thepeople; and that they had committed a number ofwanton outrages throughout the State. To tho firstpart of the assertion, I have to reply that therewere but 1,700 of theso militia men, all told ; andto the second part, that every rebel paper has admitted tho good conduct of the troops, in its ownparticular section, whils rcpoaticg the falsehoodsconcerning their doings elsowhere ; and that everycase of alleged outrage by them, was investigatedby Gen. George II. Thomas, than whom no justerman lives, and either sbown never to have occurredat all, or was by him commended and justified. Amore triumphant refutation of Democratic falsehoodwas, perhaps, never obtained.DISFRANCHISEMENT.It was alleged, and although again and again refuted, believed by a few Unionists North, up to theday of election, that from four-fifths to nine-tenthsof the white people of Tennosseo were disfranchisedby the SUte laws. The result of tbe registrationand election shows that fully one-half of the whiteswere admitted to the ballot box, and that tbe disfranchised classes really constitute but lilllo morethan a fourth part of tho whole voting populationof the Stato. The truth is, nobody is disfranchisedin Tennessee except such as ought to be in everyState I mean thoso who persevered in thoir devilish warfare against tkeir country until the last rebellious hope was exhausted and their arms wereliterally wrested from their hands.rOblTIO OF THE ORIGINAL CKION MEN.Again, it was sought to prejudice the Union people North against tho loyalists of Tenne3oe by themiserable falsehood that a great portion of the original Union men of that Stale, disgusted with theadministration of Gov. Brownlow, had gone intothe "Confervalive" ranks. In this there waa nevereven a pretense o